Category: Genetics

Canary Linebreeding and Genetics

Line-breeding, a form of in-breeding where carefully selected related birds are chosen to breed to each other, has been practiced for centuries, with varying results. The last century has brought much new information to add to the accumulated years of experience, but that has done little to settle the many and often heated discussions on the topic. Go to any bird show and listen, and it will probably not be long before you begin to overhear varied snippets of conversation centering around breeding winning showbirds. This is a favorite topic at shows, and you will find that there are as many different proponents and systems as there are birds at the show. Yes, I said birds, not people. It’s been my observation that many of the people at these events tend to hold several systems dear. A newcomer to the Canary Fancy can become incredibly confused in very short order listening to all these (many conflicting) ideas and methods, particularly...

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Filed under: Canary Breeding, Genetics

The use of yellows in a breeding program

To breed exhibition Gloster Canaries of the type required to do well on a show bench we invariably have to resort to buff (mealy) feathered birds, i.e. buff x buff we have to Incorporate a programme of buff x buff pairings. This is done to keep the cobiness in the bird, i.e. thickness of neck and roundness of body also the required shape of head and browiness over the eye. The Gloster Canary breeder cannot resort to the normal practice of yellow x buff pairing every year, because the required cobiness will soon disappear and we will be left with narrow headed, free necked and tight feathered little birds ~re in keeping with the Fife Fancy than the Gloster Fancy canary. The Gloster Fancy canary breeder must be wary on two accounts, (1) that they do not buff x buff year after year and (2) that when they choose their yellow (jonque) feathered bird they choose the correct bird. Buff...

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Filed under: Canary Breeding, Genetics

Why Yellow and Buff?

From time to time man always questions laid down rules and ask: why? This could be the case with the canary breeder's first commandment, i.e. always pair yellow to buff. Of course this asks the question why. When we consider, man-made, domesticated live stock alongside their wild counterparts the differences in most cases are breathtaking. Whether man has improved this stock or not is another moot point. In this article we will be considering only the Gloster Fancy Canaries and their wild ancestors. Wild canaries are breeding as nature intended with only the strong surviving. No guiding hand telling which cock to pair to which hen or trying to change the phenotype of the birds. It is only when man began to domesticate the canary and think about fancies and fads that the canary began to have feather problems. In its wild state nature has given the canary its very being, its shape, its colour, its feather, everything is geared...

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Filed under: Canary Breeding, Genetics

Selecting your Retained Gloster Canaries

Retaining Gloster Canaries for use the following and subsequent years depends on one main philosophy, "always retain the best". By always retaining the best you are not depleting the gene pool or having to constantly look for replacements. Other aspects to be taken into account are the retention of only the very best of the cocks and a sufficient number of hens to be able to give the required options needed during the breeding programme. Cocks retained must be the best and variety is not an option to be enjoyed in small studs if exhibition is the prime concern. Options come from the hens and fancy's and fads can be considered when retaining hens. OPTIONS TO BE CONSIDERED: 1. Yellow feathered. 2. Cinnamon. 3. White ground, either variegated or self. 4. Grizzle. Other options are a variety of feather types among the retained hens. This is important if balance is to be achieved in the stock. Numbers of course depend...

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Filed under: Administration & Record Keeping, Canary Breeding, Genetics

Breeding Canaries – Planning ahead

First and foremost, when planning to breed, is consideration of what to do with the babies once they are fully weaned and on their own. Decisions must be made beforehand to avoid complications down the road. You might want to ask yourself these questions: DO YOU HAVE SPACE TO KEEP THE BABIES ONCE THEY ARE WEANED? Once the babies are weaned and eating on their own, the parents are going to want to start their next clutch. Sometimes they want to start even before the first babies are weaned. In which case, usually the father and babies are transferred to another cage or a divider is put into the breeding cage with the babies on one side and parents on the other. Father is then able to continue feeding the babies through the bars while also getting ready for the next clutch. This situation is only temporary and the weaned babies will eventually need their own cage. We transfer our...

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Filed under: Administration & Record Keeping, Canary Breeding, Genetics